Although the relative risk of humans experiencing a shark attack is very small (one in 11 million), swimmers can help prevent shark attacks by following these tips:
- Avoid water at night, dawn, or dusk when sharks are most actively feeding. Also sharks can see you way before you can see them in the low light.
- Always swim in a group or at least have a partner with you as sharks most often attack lone individuals.
- Don’t enter the water if bleeding. Sharks are keenly attracted to blood and can smell it from miles away.
- Use care near sandbars or steep drop-offs as these are more favored handouts for sharks.
- Avoid waters being heavily fished and those with lots of bait fishes. Diving seabirds are good indicators of such activities.
- Don’t wander too far from shore. Doing so isolates you and places you away from assistance.
- Don’t wear shiny jewelry. Light reflection from the jewelry looks much like shining fish scales to a shark.
- If you spot a shark, avoid splashing or moving erratically and move smoothly and quickly out of the water.
- If a shark starts to approach you and an attack is imminent, prepare to defend yourself and keep the shark in sight. If it gets close enough to touch, then take any action you can to disrupt the attack pattern such as hitting the shark on the nose or gouging its eyes.